Terms and Conditions
Welcome to TONGUES, provided by Voodoo Voodoo Ltd (“we”, “us”, “our”). Access to and use of this website (“TONGUES”) is provided by us on the basis of a number of important terms and conditions, which are set out in full below.
You should carefully read these terms and conditions (“terms”). When you use TONGUES, you will be legally bound by these terms, which will take effect from your first use of TONGUES. If you do not agree to be legally bound by these terms, then you should not use TONGUES>.
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Changes to Terms
We are continually seeking to update and improve TONGUES. As a result, we may make changes to TONGUES, including these terms, at any time. You will need to review these terms regularly so that you are aware of any changes we have made. You will be legally bound by the updated or amended terms from the first time that you use TONGUES after we post the changes on-line.
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Third party websites
We do not monitor the content of third party websites and any link provided on TONGUES is solely for your convenience. We cannot therefore accept any responsibility for any third party website. You are responsible for checking and complying with the terms and privacy policies applicable to your use of any third party website.
The extent of our responsibility to you has been determined in the context of the following:
access to TONGUES is provided to you free of charge;
it is your responsibility to determine the suitability of any TONGUES content for any particular purpose to which you wish to put it;
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Whilst we will endeavour to ensure that TONGUES is available to you and that content for which we are responsible is accurate, we cannot make any legal commitment or representation to you that TONGUES will be available at any particular time or that it or any TONGUES content will be of any particular quality or fit for any particular purpose. However, we will exercise reasonable skill and care in providing any service to you.
We can accept no liability to you for any of the following types of loss (should you suffer any of them as a result of your use of TONGUES):
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any business loss you may suffer, including loss of revenue, profits or anticipated savings (whether those losses are the direct or indirect result of our default);
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© TONGUES — An initiative by Voodoo Voodoo Ltd


Privacy & Cookies Policy
The tongues.cc website is operated by Voodoo Voodoo Ltd (‘TONGUES’).
This privacy policy applies to TONGUES.
We want you to enjoy our website and services secure in the knowledge that we have implemented fair information practices to protect your privacy. By visiting our website, you are accepting the practices described in our privacy policy, including our use of cookies and similar online tracking technologies. If you do not agree to the terms of this privacy policy, please do not use the website.
TONGUES may change this policy from time to time by updating this page and you should regularly check to ensure that you are happy with any changes. This policy was last updated on 11 February 2020.
The policy outlines:
1. General principle
2. How we collect information
3. Types of information we may collect
4. How we use your information
5. How we protect the information we collect
6. Access to your personal information
7. How to contact us
1. General principle
There are two types of information we may collect from you when you use the website: non-personally identifiable information and personally identifiable information. Non-personally identifiable information does not individually identify you, but it may include tracking and usage information about your general location, demographics, use of the website and the internet. Personally identifiable information is information that you voluntarily provide when you set up a user account, subscribe to a newsletter, or query that can individually identify you and may include your name and email address etc.
We do not link non-personally identifiable information to your personally identifiable information.
We do not share either type of information unless required to run the website and services (see third-party services below). We will never sell either type of information.
This privacy policy does not apply to any information collected outside of the website, including offline or through other means (for example, via telephone or through email), unless otherwise stated below or at the time of collection.
2. How we collect information
We collect information when you:
— Ask to be placed on an email newsletter list
Make an enquiry about our services
— Answer a reader survey
— Provide information to us
Links to other websites, social media platforms
Our website may contain links to other websites of interest. However, once you have used these links to leave our website, you should note that we do not have any control over the information that is collected and shared about you. You should exercise caution and look at the privacy statement applicable to the website in question.
You may interact with content on our website through social media platforms we use such as Facebook by using their social features. Examples of social features include ‘liking’ or ‘sharing’ our content. We encourage you to review their policies before using their tools, which can be found at their respective websites. If you’d prefer that these social media platforms do not collect information about the content you share and use, we suggest that you don’t use their tools.
3. Types of information we may collect
The types of information we may collect includes:
— Account information (email address)
— Information you provide through a TONGUES reader survey which might include age range, education level etc
TONGUES is not responsible for any information you have provided in public areas of our website or on our social media platforms, which may then be viewed by other users.
4. How we use your information
The information we collect may be used to help us:
— Provide services you voluntarily subscribed to such as email newsletters
— Improve the quality of our website
— Promote services to you including advising you of updates or changes to our website and services
— Improve the website through reader surveys and feedback
Disclosure to third-party services
As part of providing our website and services to you we use a limited number of third-party services that perform functions on our behalf, including but not limited to website hosting, server monitoring, tracking user behaviour, marketing automation services, and customer service.
We have no control over, and assume no responsibility for, the conduct, practices or privacy policies of these third-party services and encourage you to read the policies of the services we use below:
TONGUES uses the MailerLite marketing automation service to issue newsletters. Find out more about MailerLite’s Privacy Policy and Terms.
When you subscribe to our email newsletters
By clicking ‘Subscribe’ you agree to the following: 
We will use the email address you provide to send you a weekly or monthly email. We also send occasional updates and, no more than once a year, reader surveys. 
The email address/es you provide will be transferred to our external marketing automation service ‘MailerLite’ for processing in accordance with their Privacy Policy and Terms. We use MailerLite to issue our newsletters. We have no control over, and assume no responsibility for, the conduct, practices or privacy policies of MailerLite
You can change your mind at any time by clicking the ‘unsubscribe link’ in the footer of emails you receive from us, or by contacting us at [email protected]. If you want to review and correct the personal information we have about you, you can click on ‘update preferences’ in the footer of emails you receive from us, or by contacting us at [email protected].
5. How we protect the information we collect
We are committed to ensuring that your information is secure. We have taken reasonable measures to protect information about you from loss, theft, misuse or unauthorised access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. No physical or electronic security system is impenetrable however and you should take your own precautions to protect the security of any personally identifiable information you transmit. We cannot guarantee that the personal information you supply will not be intercepted while transmitted to us or third-party service providers. 
Sharing your personal information
We will not disclose your personal information except; (1) as described by this Privacy Policy (2) after obtaining your permission to a specific use or disclosure or (3) if we are required do so by a valid legal process or government request (such as a court order, a search warrant, a subpoena, a civil discovery request, or a statutory requirement). We will retain your information for as long as needed in light of the purposes for which it was obtained or to comply with our legal obligations and enforce our agreements. 
Data transfer
This website is published in the United Kingdom. If you are located in a country outside of these countries and voluntarily submit personally identifiable information to us, you should be aware that information about you will be transferred to this countries. We attempt to comply with local data protection laws to the extent that they may apply to TONGUES. 
Age of consent
Our website is not directed at children under the age of 18 and we do not knowingly collect or maintain information from those we know are younger than 18. If you are younger than 18, you should not submit or post any personally identifiable information to our website. By using the Service, you represent that you are at least 18 years of age.
6. Access to your personal information
You may request a copy of the personal information we hold about you by submitting a written request to [email protected]. We may only implement requests with respect to the personal information associated with the particular email address you use to send us the request. We will try and respond to your request as soon as reasonably practical. When you receive the information, if you think any of it is wrong or out of date, you can ask us to change or delete it for you. 
We take all reasonable steps to ensure the information held is accurate, up-to-date, complete, relevant and not misleading. 
7. Contact us
If you have any questions about our privacy policy or our use of your information, please contact us at [email protected].

Kyle Schumann & Katie MacDonald

March 19 / 2020


Co-founded by Katie MacDonald and Kyle Schumann, After Architecture is a practice named to convey the built environment’s impact on cultures and ecologies. It employs tactics of intentional misuse to free materials and construction techniques from historical and disciplinary tropes. With a focus on public space, the Knoxville, Tennessee, based practice has completed projects in New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Vermont, Washington D.C., California, and Europe. The firm’s work has been honoured with accolades such as an AIA Los Angeles Next LA Honor Award and a Society of American Registered Architects National Design Honor Award.


Q >  What’s the most satisfying part of the creative/design process?

KM >We started our practice as a vehicle for design as conversation—a back and forth between two people on an equal footing. Some of the best moments in our practice are when we see that dialogue play out.

KS >In one of our first competitions, we were designing a low cost winter cabin. I spent a long time developing a tight plan around a centralised fireplace, but the building wasn’t complete until Katie drew the facade as a screen for storing logs. It was a small move, but suddenly the whole project came together as a narrative that mediates the cabin’s relationship between the surrounding forest and the interior hearth.

Q > Tell us about an experiment or gamble that turned out to be either disastrous or successful.

KM >We began working together in 2012 in our penultimate year of college, eager to see where design could take us beyond the context of the classroom. At that point, After Architecture was a creative partnership taking on the design of just about anything. During our final year of college, we completed our first couple of built projects — the Lightwave sculpture at the Cornell Botanic Gardens was funded by a university grant program and the Twofold bench at Design Museum Boston was awarded funding through a design competition. Once these were built and published, we began attracting larger commissions that required contracts and formal business structures, and we adapted on the fly. We were naïve about what practicing entailed, but our combination of youth and drive allowed us to overcome hurdles quickly. Our early work was prescient and set the stage for our practice today — deeply invested in material culture and engaging with the public.

KS >One of the strengths of our business model has been casting a wider net than traditional design practices. As a slow profession that still preferences years of experience, and in which awards for “young” architects commonly honour those in their 40s or 50s, architecture deems youth a limitation. Since founding our practice, we both have gone back to graduate school and studied under leaders in the business of architecture, like Paul Nakazawa at Harvard and Bob Hillier at Princeton. Nakazawa’s insights inform the way we think about overlaps between practice and research, while Hillier — who once brought an acting coach into the classroom — shapes the way we engage both clients and the public in conversations around design.

Q > What rule do you break most often?

KM >There are many design firms we greatly admire that have developed and refined a very cohesive style. We favour a consistent mode of working, which results in a body of work that alludes to a single style.

KS >From a branding perspective, this is risky, since clients have a harder time pinning down the aesthetics of our work, but our approach aims for designs that are materially rich, user-driven, and ecologically sensitive.

Q > The hardest thing you’ve ever done?

KM >In some ways, the beginning of our firm was the most difficult — after graduating from undergrad, we each had demanding day jobs across the country from one another (Kyle in New York and me in Los Angeles). When the work day was over, we would rush online to work together on competitions and eventually, our first major commission for two permanent installations in San Diego.

Q > What makes you angry?

KM >We find the distancing of high design from environmental good frustrating and counterproductive — we advocate for both in our work. For a brief window, sustainability was trending, giving rise to LEED certification-fever and prominently placed solar panel arrays, but like most fads, it faded. Unfortunately, climate change has not.

KS >Sustainable design has to be a core value. The current environmental crisis puts new strains on architecture as overextended supply chains threaten the production of conventional materials. In our work, we challenge the standardised building materials that emerged during modernism and are interested in how technological agency can help us reconcile the intentions of the designer with the irregularity of natural materials. This approach allows us to use abundant, rapidly-renewable materials in new ways by embracing traditional limitations like material irregularity.

Q > In what period or location have you learnt the most?

KS > Katie and I met and began working together while studying in the Bachelor of Architecture program at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Those five years were the most intensive and tiring we had ever experienced, but also the most exciting. The relative seclusion of upstate New York produced a kind of monastic focus which has been hard to replicate elsewhere. Being in the trenches of design school with our classmates gave way to frequent, long conversations about how design shapes the world around us. The sense of community and idealism encapsulated by that time is very dear to us. We are also continuously impressed by the range of directions and successes of our classmates and faculty, who continue to be important sounding boards and influences in our work.

KM >This fall, we have had the opportunity to bring our material research into the academic studio through a fellowship at the University of Tennessee. The programme’s setting in Knoxville is in some way a microcosm of the United States — it is home to the Tennessee Valley Authority, whose massive infrastructural projects modernised the region; such infrastructure attracted the Manhattan Project to the area and led to the founding of Oak Ridge National Laboratory; the nation’s most visited national park, the Great Smokey Mountains, is a short jaunt away; and American kitsch runs deep in the local tourist sprawl of Dolly Parton’s Dollywood. During our time here, we have examined how invasive plant species, which thrive in Tennessee’s temperate climate, might be used in architectural applications. Such material abundance offers both environmental benefits as well as a departure from standardised materials — in effect, opening up new formal potentials.

Q > Which things would you like to include more in your life, and what would you like to include less of?

KM >I love architecture, but not when it operates in a vacuum. In that way, I would like to spend more time outside of the discipline — more performances, gallery talks, book readings; more scientific journals, technology hackathons, and nature walks; more entrepreneurial workshops, community meetings, and cooking classes.

KS >Our best ideas often emerge in other settings. We can appreciate different approaches to the world, while the subconscious runs steadily in the background, finding connections between architecture and everything else. Recently, we have gotten deep into material research, collaborating with scientists, preservationists, and others. There is a lot happening in other disciplines around the development of sustainable materials, but our challenge is to find ways that these materials can scale for architectural applications.

Q > How can architecture help to tackle inequality and other social ills?

KM >Public space shapes the daily lives of communities, signalling safety or danger, community or isolation, democracy or authoritarianism. The way that public space is designed, maintained, and legislated determines property values, health and crime, and cultural expression. For these reasons, we have dedicated our practice to acting in public space. Sometimes, our work is light and atmospheric; at other times, we use the venue of public space to reveal and acknowledge more challenging truths.

KS >Recently, we completed the Camp Barker Memorial in Washington, D.C., marking a site where formerly enslaved persons took shelter during the Civil War and shedding light on America’s history of oppression rather than celebrating valour in battle. A series of entry gateways to a public park, the memorial is not a destination but a threshold — a part of the urban fabric that can be walked through, touched, and inhabited. It reminds us of our fraught past as a country and acknowledges how far we have come while not shying away from the challenges we still face today.

Camp Barker Memorial, Washington D.C.. Photo by Sam Oberter

Hearth Cabin, Orwell, Vermont. Photo by After Architecture

Peak House, Skuta, Slovenia. Photo by Janez Martincic

Field of Towers, San Diego, California. Photo by After Architecture

Brise Soleil for a Party Wall, San Diego, California. Photo by After Architecture

Lightwave, Cornell Botanic Gardens, Ithaca, New York. Photo by After Architecture

Living Ruin, Roscoe, New York. Photo by After Architecture

Unfamiliar Construction, Oslo Architecture Triennale 2019, Oslo, Norway. Photo by After Architecture